A complete guide to Pfizer stock
Oliver Brett May 10, 2021 10:42 PM
Long before it rolled out the first Covid-19 vaccine, Pfizer had been at the forefront of mass production of medicine across the globe. But what are its strengths and weaknesses going forward? Our guide endeavours to give you the answers.
What does Pfizer do?
Founded by two German immigrants in New York in the middle of the 19th century, Pfizer has grown from its early roots mass-producing citric acid and penicillin to become one of the biggest names in “big pharma”, developing and produces medicines and vaccines for immunology, oncology, cardiology, endocrinology, and neurology.
In November 2020, Pfizer fired the starting gun on the arms race to stock the world with Covid-19 vaccines when announcing that the COVID-19 vaccine it had developed alongside BioNTech and tested on 43,500 people, was found to be 90% effective, with no serious side effects.
On 8 December, UK grandmother Margaret Keenan became the first person in the world to receive the Pfizer Covid-19 jab.
Why are investors interested in Pfizer stock?
Pfizer (NYSE:PFE) stock plays are partly a bet on how popular its Covid-19 vaccines will continue to be even once the worst of the coronavirus pandemic is behind us, and partly a consideration of the company’s long-term status in the world of biotech and pharmaceutical therapy.
In terms of Covid itself, the effect of having first mover advantage has partially worn off but Pfizer also has an impressively broad portfolio of other drugs both in production and development. It needs to. With an employee count approaching 80,000 and research facilities operational worldwide, much of Pfizer’s focus is on establishing a conveyor belt of new medicines in the marketplace.
But the biotech space has never been more competitive, with new companies like Moderna making huge strides, and investors will watch that. They will also watch potential consolidation moves in the industry while being mindful that Pfizer has been involved in costly litigations in the past too. There are many aspects that need to be considered by anyone looking to go long or short in Pfizer stock.
How does Pfizer make money?
Very simply, all big pharma firms like Pfizer make money by charging health providers, whether in the private and public sector, for the medicines it produces. They make a profit when the revenue they collect from selling medicines outweighs their capital expenditure.
In 2020, hurrying to develop a Covid vaccine in record time, many firms announced they were happy to forgo profits in the hunt for a common good. By contrast, Pfizer stood apart from that crowd.
The vaccine brought in $3.5 billion in revenue for Pfizer in the first three months of 2021, nearly a quarter of its total revenue. It was comfortably its biggest source of revenue.
What is Pfizer's business strategy?
Pfizer’s strengths can be summarised as follows:
• A highly skilled workforce through successful internal training programs
• Strong performance in new markets
• Strong free cash flow
• Reliable suppliers
• Successful track record of integrating complimentary firms through mergers and acquisition
• Strong distribution network
• High level of customer satisfaction
• Good returns on capital expenditure
Commentators have also pointed out certain drawbacks:
• Investment in research and development is below some fast-growing rivals
• An imperfect record in demand forecasting
• Marketing inadequacies (not explaining unique selling proposition of its products)
• Requirement to invest more in new technologies
• Gaps in the product range sold by the company (which can provide opportunities to rivals)
Pfizer itself describes its mission thus: “Our goal is to work together for a healthier world and, in doing so, build long-term, sustainable value for our investors. As a route to that goal, we seek to improve access to medicines and health care in ways that improve Pfizer's standing among people and their governments, and open new opportunities for all of us.”
Is Pfizer profitable?
Since 2006, Pfizer has regularly posted gross operating profits in excess of $30 billion a year. In 2010, its profits hit $50 billion before steadily decreasing and dropping below $40 billion in 2015.
How much is Pfizer worth?
Judged on its share price as of May 10, 2021, Pfizer has a market cap value of $220 billion. In the last five years its market cap has fluctuated between $160 and $270 billion.
Who owns Pfizer?
As of May 2021, The Vanguard Group, with a 7.59% stake in Pfizer, is the company’s biggest single stockholder. The Vanguard Group is a US-based investment advisor with around $6 in global assets, and offers brokerage services and financial planning to a wide range of clients. A handful of other similar firms own stock of 1% or more in Pfizer.
Pfizer: Its board of directors
Albert Bourla, a Greek citizen and a doctor of veterinary medicine, is the chairman and CEO of Pfizer. He faced some criticism following the vaccine’s successful trial period when he sold $5.6m of his stake in the company after the share price had risen by 7%.
Alongside him on the board of directors are the following individuals:
• Ronald E. Blaylock
• Susan Desmond-Hellmann, MD, MPH
• Joseph J. Echevarria, MD
• Scott Gottlieb, MD
• Helen H. Hobbs, MD
• Susan Hockfield, Ph. D.
• Dan R. Littman, MD, Ph. D.
• Snatanu Narayen
• Suzanne Nora Johnson
• James Quincey
• James C Smith
What should I know before trading Pfizer stock?
Pfizer trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol PFE. In common with all companies quoted on the NYSE its shares actively change hands between 9.30am and 4.00pm Eastern Time (usually five hours behind the time in the UK), Monday to Friday (excluding nine federal holidays). Pfizer is a component of the S&P 100 and the Russell 1000 indices.
Traditionally, major pharmaceuticals like Pfizer were considered “safe haven” stocks; in other words, they were considered refuges for investors at times of uncertainty. Since the onset of the coronavirus pandemic this notion has changed because pharma companies are now so closely linked with the direct response to the virus itself.
Pfizer tends to show good liquidity, with tight margins. However, risk management strategies are advised when trading Pfizer, because it is a stock that can trade with a degree of volatility.
How to trade Pfizer stock
You can trade stocks with City Index using spread-bets or CFDs, with spreads from 0.1%. Follow these easy steps to start trading now.
This report is intended for general circulation only. It should not be construed as a recommendation, or an offer (or solicitation of an offer) to buy or sell any financial products. The information provided does not take into account your specific investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs. Before you act on any recommendation that may be contained in this report, independent advice ought to be sought from a financial adviser regarding the suitability of the investment product, taking into account your specific investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs.
StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd., may distribute reports produced by its respective foreign entities or affiliates within the StoneX group of companies or third parties pursuant to an arrangement under Regulation 32C of the Financial Advisers Regulations. Where the report is distributed to a person in Singapore who is not an accredited investor, expert investor or an institutional investor (as defined in the Securities Futures Act), StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd. accepts legal responsibility to such persons for the contents of the report only to the extent required by law. Singapore recipients should contact StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd. at 6826 9988 for matters arising from, or in connection with the report.
In the case of all other recipients of this report, to the extent permitted by applicable laws and regulations neither StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd. nor its associated companies will be responsible or liable for any loss or damage incurred arising out of, or in connection with, any use of the information contained in this report and all such liability is hereby expressly disclaimed. No representation or warranty is made, express or implied, that the content of this report is complete or accurate.
StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd. is not under any obligation to update this report.
Trading CFDs and FX on margin carries a high level of risk that may not be suitable for some investors. Consider your investment objectives, level of experience, financial resources, risk appetite and other relevant circumstances carefully. The possibility exists that you could lose some or all of your investments, including your initial deposits. If in doubt, please seek independent expert advice. Visit cityindex.com.sg for the complete Risk Disclosure Statement.