Jumpy oil market fears slipping demand

‘Quicker than thought’ Saudi production recovery would be a double-edged sword

Updated 18th September 2019

‘Quicker than thought’ Saudi production recovery would be a double-edged sword

The oil market’s latest drama saw prices accelerating lower in reaction to Saudi Arabia’s Tuesday signal that oil output could  ‘return to normal quicker than thought’. Reuters cited an unidentified Saudi source suggesting that Aramco’s Abqaiq and Khurais plants that were badly damaged by the attack would return to full production in the next two to three weeks, with up to 70% of lost production returning sooner.

Several hours later, and four days since the attack, the Kingdom, which is essentially OPEC’s lynchpin, finally gave concrete details of the scope of the damage whilst announcing partial restoration of operations. Saudi now says that production capacity will be back to normal within months. Nevertheless, repairs are progressing slower than initially expected. Officials had initially indicated that the majority of output would be restored within days. As such, an underlying bid has kept crude prices elevated this week.

 

The damage done by what was suspected to be a drone of unknown origin carrying munitions reportedly reduced output from the plants by half, jeopardising as much as 10% of global output. So far, with efforts focused on the Abqaiq plant, processing capacity has been restored to 2 million barrels a day, according to Aramco, with capacity expected to rise to 4.9 million barrels a day by the end of September, or roughly half of the whole complex’s rate at the end of last week.

Understandably,  markets remain jumpy. After the worst-ever single disruption of global oil supply, participants are prone to over-reacting to little news, as seen on Tuesday, when Brent slumped 5% within minutes. The sudden drop corroborates widely suspected concerns about the demand outlook. With geopolitical events having done such heavy lifting in recent days, prices are set to return to sub-$60/bbl. levels seen over the last month or so, when upward price pressures fade.

As we’ve seen though, the most important geopolitical influence on price has been the attack and its fallout. The disruption was sufficiently large to warrant talk of intervention by the United States’ Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Reserves of other countries could be deployed too. But data suggests that the global spare capacity required to replace lost Saudi output on a sustained basis would not currently be available. The graphic below depicts annual OPEC production rates going back to 2019. For clarity, historically unstable Iraqi production is broken out separately.



Source: Bloomberg/City Index

Spare production capacity may be running at the lowest in almost 20 years. That would be a knock-on effect of two years of OPEC production cuts and sanctions of producers like Iran and Venezuela. Against that backdrop, the sustained production outage now forecast by Saudi Arabia should underpin prices around their current levels, with any unexpected delays pointing to a price recovery back towards $70/bbl.-plus highs seen immediately following the attack.


Disclaimer

This report is intended for general circulation only. It should not be construed as a recommendation, or an offer (or solicitation of an offer) to buy or sell any financial products. The information provided does not take into account your specific investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs. Before you act on any recommendation that may be contained in this report, independent advice ought to be sought from a financial adviser regarding the suitability of the investment product, taking into account your specific investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs.

StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd., may distribute reports produced by its respective foreign entities or affiliates within the StoneX group of companies or third parties pursuant to an arrangement under Regulation 32C of the Financial Advisers Regulations. Where the report is distributed to a person in Singapore who is not an accredited investor, expert investor or an institutional investor (as defined in the Securities Futures Act), StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd. accepts legal responsibility to such persons for the contents of the report only to the extent required by law. Singapore recipients should contact StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd. at 6826 9988 for matters arising from, or in connection with the report.

In the case of all other recipients of this report, to the extent permitted by applicable laws and regulations neither StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd. nor its associated companies will be responsible or liable for any loss or damage incurred arising out of, or in connection with, any use of the information contained in this report and all such liability is hereby expressly disclaimed. No representation or warranty is made, express or implied, that the content of this report is complete or accurate.

StoneX Financial Pte. Ltd. is not under any obligation to update this report.

Trading CFDs and FX on margin carries a high level of risk that may not be suitable for some investors. Consider your investment objectives, level of experience, financial resources, risk appetite and other relevant circumstances carefully. The possibility exists that you could lose some or all of your investments, including your initial deposits. If in doubt, please seek independent expert advice. Visit cityindex.com.sg for the complete Risk Disclosure Statement.